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Kord Ernstson (2010): Der Chiemgau-Impakt. Ein bayerisches Meteoritenkraterfeld. 80 S. (Chiemgau Impakt e.V.).

Kord Ernstson (2015): Der Chiemgau-Impakt. Ein bayerisches Meteoritenkraterfeld – Teil 2. 64 S. (Chiemgau Impakt e.V.).

Artikel in Zeitschriften

Rappenglück, B., Hiltl, M., Poßekel, J., Rappenglück, M. A., Ernstson, K. (2023) People experienced the prehistoric Chiemgau meteorite impact – geoarchaeological evidence from southeastern Germany: a review. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 209-234. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.7775799               – Open Access –        

Abstract: Archaeological sites undoubtedly destroyed by a meteorite impact had not been identified so far. For such a proof, both a meteorite impact and its definite effects on an archaeological site would have to be evidenced. This review article reports on geoarchaeological investigations, involving mineralogy, petrography, and geophysics, which established evidence that two prehistoric human settlements have been affected by the Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age (ca. 900-600 BC) Chiemgau meteorite impact in southeastern Germany. One site, the Mühlbach area, was affected by the ejecta from the 600 m Ø-Tüttensee crater, one of the largest craters in a crater strewn field measuring about 60 x 30 km. At the other site, Stöttham close to Lake Chiemsee, the catastrophic layer of the impact was found embedded in the archaeological stratigraphy of a settlement, which had been repeatedly occupated from the Neolithic to the Roman era. At both sites, artifacts have become components of impact rocks, establishing a hitherto unknown form of an impact rock, an artifact-in-impactite. The immediate coexistence of rocks, which exhibit impact-diagnostic shock metamorphism, with relicts of metallic artifacts, as encountered in finds from Stöttham, are unprecedented evidence of human experience of a meteorite impact.

Ernstson, K., Bauer, F., Hiltl, M. (2023) A Prominent Iron Silicides Strewn Field and Its Relation to the Bronze Age/Iron Age Chiemgau Meteorite Impact Event (Germany). Earth Sciences. Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 26-40. doi: 10.11648/ – Open access –

Abstract: About 20 years ago, amateur archeologists and local history researchers discovered the iron silicide (FESI) strewn field measuring about 60 km x 30 km in the districts of the Chiemgau and the Inn-Salzach region in southeast Germany. They evidenced the connection between the FESi distribution and the pervasive rim wall craters and suggested a meteorite impact event, now widely recognized under the name of the Chiemgau impact. Widespread in the strewn field and in individual finds far beyond it they recovered and documented thousands of FESI particles of millimeter to centimeter size with a total mass of more than 2 kg, whereby a large lump of 8 kg stands out as a single find. The find layer is largely uniformly located at a depth of 30 – 40 cm in a glacial loose sediment soil. Microprobe, SEM-EDS, TEM and EBSD analyses determined as main minerals gupeiite and xifengite, subordinately hapkeite, naquite and linzhite. Besides the main elements Fe and Si of the matrix, more than 30 other chemical elements have been addressed so far, including uranium and various REE. Incorporated into the FESI matrix are the carbide minerals moissanite and titanium carbide as superpure crystals, and khamrabaevite, zirconium carbide, and uranium carbide, furthermore CAIs. SEM images indicate shock metamorphism. The present article describes the discovery history of this worldwide unique FESI occurrence with the exact find situations, as well as the very varied morphologies of the find particles with the macroscopically recognizable components and SEM EDS examples.

Rappenglück, M. A. (2022) Natural Iron Silicides: A Systematic Review. Minerals, Vol. 12, No. 2, p. 188.

Abstract: This review systematically presents all finds of geogenic, impact-induced, and extraterrestrial iron silicide minerals known at the end of 2021. The respective morphological characteristics, composition, proven or reasonably suspected genesis, and possible correlations of different geneses are listed and supported by the available literature (2021). Artificially produced iron silicides are only dealt with insofar as the question of differentiation from natural minerals is concerned, especially regarding dating to pre-industrial and pretechnogenic times. – Open Access –

Rappenglück, B., Hiltl, M., Ernstson, K. (2021) The Chiemgau Impact: evidence of a Latest Bronze Age/Early Iron Age meteorite impact in the archaeological record, and resulting critical considerations of catastrophism. In: Beyond Paradigms in Cultural Astronomy, BAR international series: Vol. 3033, C. González-García, R. M. Frank, L. D. Sims, M. A. Rappenglück, G. Zotti, J. A. Belmonte, andI. Šprajc (ed.), Oxford, Great Britain, BAR, pp. 57–64.

Abstract: The claim that meteorite impacts shaped human history is a well-known element of (neo-)catastrophism. But many methodological caveats, shortly summarised in the first part of this article, should be considered before drawing such far-reaching conclusions. So far no evidence existed of any archaeological site directly being involved in an impact process.

Such evidence has now resulted from the examination of “slags” from an excavation at Chieming-Stöttham (SE-Germany) and is presented in the second part. Analyzed by polarising microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), several samples turned out to be complex combinations of rock with metallic residues: The rocky components show typical shock metamorphism, characteristic of a meteorite impact. The metallic components are high lead bronze and processed iron, i.e. remnants of artefacts. To the best of our knowledge, the samples are the first evidence worldwide of artificial remnants becoming part of an impact rock. They yield a unique attestation of a meteorite impact in an archaeological context.

The finds are linked to the Chiemgau Impact, a prehistoric meteorite impact, which hit SE-Germany and caused more than 100 craters of five to several hundred meters diameter in an area of ca. 60 x 30 km. It is dated to ca. 900-600 BC. In view of the Chiemgau Impact being the biggest confirmed Holocene impact, its excellent data base, the explicit archaeological evidence, and its comparably good dating, it should actually be a candidate for disastrous cultural consequences. But the exemplary work on two methodological questions, treated in the third part, illustrates that despite the good database the assumed scenario of a cultural catastrophe can neither be confirmed nor denied. This results in critical considerations to the paradigm of catastrophic cultural consequences of meteorite impacts or cosmic airbursts.

Rappenglück, B., Hiltl, M., Rappenglück, M. A., Ernstson, K. (2020b) The Chiemgau Impact — a meteorite impact in the Bronze¬/Iron Age and its extraordinary appearance in the archaeological record. In: Himmelswelten und Kosmovisionen — Imaginationen, Modelle, Weltanschauungen: Proceedings der Tagung der Gesellschaft für Archäoastronomie in Gilching, 29-31 März 2019, G. Wolfschmidt (ed.), Hamburg, tredion, pp. 330–349.

Abstract: The largest meteorite impact of the Holocene known to date occurred during the Bronze/Iron Age in southeastern Bavaria, between Altötting and the edge of the Alps. The event is known as the „Chiemgau Impact“. More than 100 craters with diameters from 5 m up to several hundred meters are distributed over an area of about 60 km length and 30 km width. Finds of meteoric material confirm the event as well as the widespread evidence of so-called shock metamorphosis in the rock. The article focuses on new investigations of „slags“ from an archaeological excavation in Chieming-Stöttham, on the eastern shore of Lake Chieming. Six objects analysed with polarisation microscope and SEM-EDS turned out to be complex combinations of rock and metal particles. While the rock components show the shock metamorphosis typical for a meteorite impact, the metallic components proved to be remnants of artefacts made of bronze or iron with a high lead content. Together they form an impact rock. To our knowledge, these are the first examples worldwide in which artefacts have become components of an impact rock. In addition, the special nature of the metallic components and the consideration of the archaeological context allow the more precise dating of the Chiemgau Impact to approximately 900-600 BC.

Rappenglück, B., Hiltl, M., Ernstson, K. (2020a) Exceptional evidence of a meteorite impact at the archaeological site of Stöttham (Chiemgau, SE-Germany). In: Harmony and Symmetry: Celestial regularities shaping human culture. Proceedings of the SEAC 2018 Conference, S. Draxler, M. E. Lippitsch, and G. Wolfschmidt (ed.), Hamburg, tredion, pp. 116–125.

Abstract: To the best of our knowledge, the first examples worldwide of artificial remnants, which directly co-exist with meteorite impact-diagnostic shock metamorphism, come from an excavation site in Stöttham (Chiemgau, SE-Germany). Archaeological finds (‘slags’), analysed by polarising microscope and SEM-EDS, exhibit complex structures of rocky partitions shocked by a meteorite impact, and bits of metallic artefacts. The structures, matching polymictic melt rock breccia with artificial metallic components, testify that the artefacts have been overprinted by a meteorite impact. Moreover, the results once more confirm that the site has been involved in the prehistoric Chiemgau meteorite impact, which has left more than 80 craters in the Chiemgau region. One of the presented finds is especially particularised due to its special metallic components, i.e. high leaded bronze, which dates not earlier than the late Urnfield culture and allows a re-dating of the Chiemgau meteorite impact to ca. 1000-300 BC.  

B. Rappenglück, M. Hiltl, M. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson (2020b): The Chiemgau Impact — a meteorite impact in the Bronze­/Iron Age and its extraordinary appearance in the archaeological record. In: Wolfschmidt, G. (ed.) Himmelswelten und Kosmovisionen — Imaginationen, Modelle, Weltanschauungen. Nuncius Hamburgensis. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, 51, Hamburg: tredition. (Reviewed and accepted, forthcoming).

B. Rappenglück, M. Hiltl, K. Ernstson (2020a): Exceptional evidence of a meteorite impact at the archaeological site of Stöttham (Chiemgau, SE-Germany). In: Draxler, Sonja, Lippisch, Max E. (eds.) Harmony and Symmetrie. Celestial regularities shaping human cultures.  – Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the European Society of Astronomy in Culture, August 27 – September 2018, Graz, Oxford: BAR publishing. (Reviewed and accepted, forthcoming). 

T. G. Shumilova, S. I. Isaenko, V. V. Ulyashev, B. A. Makeev, M. A. Rappenglück, A. A. Veligzhanin, K. Ernstson (2018): Enigmatic Glass-Like Carbon from the Alpine Foreland, Southeast Germany: A Natural Carbonization Process. – Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), Vol. 92, Issue 6, 2179-2200. 

AbstractUnusual carbonaceous matter, termed here chiemite, composed of more than 90% C from the Alpine Foreland at Lake Chiemsee in Bavaria, southeastern Germany has been investigated using optical and atomic force microscopy, X‐ray fluorescence spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, high‐resolution Raman spectroscopy, X‐ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis, as well as by δ13C and 14C radiocarbon isotopic data analysis. In the pumice‐like fragments, poorly ordered carbon matter co‐exists with high‐ordering monocrystalline α‐carbyne, and contains submicrometer‐sized inclusions of complex composition. Diamond and carbyne add to the peculiar mix of matter. The required very high temperatures and pressures for carbyne formation point to a shock event probably from the recently proposed Holocene Chiemgau meteorite impact. The carbon material is suggested to have largely formed from heavily shocked coal, vegetation like wood, and peat from the impact target area. The carbonization/coalification high PT process may be attributed to a strong shock that instantaneously caused the complete evaporation and loss of volatile matter and water, which nevertheless preserved the original cellular structure seen fossilized in many fragments. Relatively fresh wood encapsulated in the purported strongly shocked matter point to quenched carbon melt components possibly important for the discussion of survival of organic matter in meteorite impacts, implying an astrobiological relationship.

M. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson (2017): Kosmische Kollision in der Frühgeschichte. Der Chiemgau-Impakt: Die Erforschung eines bayerischen Meteoritenkrater-Streufelds. –  Zeitschrift für Anomalistik, Band 17,  235 -260. (English translation:

Abstract – “Chiemgau Impact” is an event which took place in the Bronze Age / Iron Age with the creation of a large meteorite strewn field by the impact of a comet / asteroid in southeast Bavaria. The research is interdisciplinary from the outset. It covers, among other things, geology, geophysics, limnology, archaeology, mineralogy, speleology, astronomy, and historical sciences. The research results show that a major disaster must have taken place in the area between Altötting, the Lake Chiemsee, and the Alps. Finds of exotic material, found only in meteorites, extremely stressed and altered rocks, caused by extreme pressures, high temperatures and the action of acid, strange carbon spherules, glass-like carbon, nanodiamonds, magnetic anomalies, soil compaction, sinkholes, and many other abnormalities can be explained by the hypothesis of a post-ice age impact. All the impact criteria required according to scientific standards were demonstrated. The impact associated with a large air blast may have produced considerable regional and probably transregional effects. People not only from the Chiemgau region were witnesses of the fascinating, shocking and disturbing event. Perhaps quite accurate descriptions of the event and the regional effects were even described in the ancient Greek myth of the young racer Phaeton, driving the solar chariot. The paper presents the current (2017) state of knowledge and briefly also the research history.

K. Ernstson, C. Sideris, I. Liritzis, A. Neumair (2012): THE CHIEMGAU METEORITE IMPACT SIGNATURE OF THE STÖTTHAM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE (SOUTHEAST GERMANY). – Mediterranean Archaeology ans Archäometry, 12, 249-259.

Abstract. – Archaeological excavation at Chieming-Stöttham in the Chiemgau region of Southeast Germany revealed a diamictic (breccia) layer sandwiched between a Neolithic and a Roman occupation layer. This exotic layer bears evidence of its deposition in a catastrophic event that is attributed to the Chiemgau meteorite impact. In the extended crater strewn field produced by the impact, geological excavations have uncovered comparable horizons with an anomalous geological inventory intermixed with archaeological material. Evidences of extreme destruction, temperatures and pressures including impact shock effects suggest that the current views on its being an undisturbed colluvial depositional sequence as postulated by archaeologists and pedologists/geomorphologists is untenable.

Liritzis, N. Zacharias, G.S. Polymeris, G. Kitis, K. Ernstson, D. Sudhaus, A. Neumair, W. Mayer, M.A. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück (2010): THE CHIEMGAU METEORITE IMPACT AND TSUNAMI EVENT (SOUTHEAST GERMANY): FIRST OSL DATING. – Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 17‐33. Vollständiger Artikel

Barbara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Andreas Neumair, Dirk Sudhaus & Ioannis Liritzis (2010): The fall of Phaethon: a Greco-Roman geomyth preserves the memory of a meteorite impact in Bavaria (south-east Germany). – Antiquity, 84, 428-439.

Abstract. – Arguing from a critical reading of the text, and scientific evidence on the ground, the authors show that the myth of Phaethon – the delinquent celestial charioteer – remembers the impact of a massive meteorite that hit the Chiemgau region in Bavaria between 2000 and 428 BC.

Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A., Rappenglück, B., Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D. and Zeller, K.W. (2010): The Chiemgau crater strewn field: evidence of a Holocene large impact in southeast Bavaria, Germany. – Journal of Siberian Federal University, Engineering & Technology, 1 (2010 3) 72-103.

Abstract. – The Chiemgau strewn field in the Alpine Foreland discovered in the early new millenniumcomprises more than 80 mostly rimmed craters in a roughly elliptically shaped area with axes of about 60 km and 30 km. The crater diameters range between a few meters and a few hundred meters. Geologically, the craters occur in Pleistocene moraine and fluvio-glacial sediments. The craters and surrounding areas so far investigated in more detail are featuring heavy deformations of the Quaternary cobbles and boulders, abundant fused rock material (impact melt rocks and various glasses), shock-metamorphic effects, and geophysical anomalies. The impact is substantiated by the abundant occurrence of metallic, glass and carbon spherules, accretionary lapilli, and of strange matter in the form of iron silicides like gupeiite and xifengite, and various carbides like, e.g., moissanite SiC. The hitherto established largest crater of the strewn field is Lake Tüttensee exhibiting an 8 m-height rim wall, a rim-to-rim diameter of about 500 m, a depth of roughly 30 m and an extensive ejecta blanket. Physical and archeological dating confine the impact event to have happened most probably between 700 and 300 B.C. The impactor is suggested to have been a lowdensity disintegrated, loosely bound asteroid or a disintegrated comet in order to account for the extensive strewn field. Vollständiger Artikel

Rappenglück, B., Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A. Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D., and Zeller, K.W.: The Chiemgau impact: An extraordinary case study for the question of Holocene meteorite impacts and their cultural implications. – In: Belmonte, J. A. (ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 16th 2008 “Cosmology across Cultures. Impact of the Study of the Universe in Human Thinking”, Granada September 8-12, 2008, A.S.P. Conf. Ser., 2009.

Abstract. – Did in the Holocene meteorite impacts of a size capable to affect human cultures happen at all and – if the answer is “yes” – which cultural implications did they have? Since a few years this question is fiercely and controversially discussed. The Chiemgau meteorite impact event may provide an important contribution to the discussion. This event stroke south-east Germany very probably in the 1st millenium BC and left a field of about 80 craters. In comparison to other Holocene impacts it provides extraordinary data by the extension of its crater field, the size of the biggest crater, the variety of secondary effects, the direct embedding of the impact layer in an archaeological stratigraphy, and the comparably good dating. The recently known data are introduced and discussed with regard to the question of cultural effects of Holocene impacts.

Barbara and Michael Rappenglück (2006): Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? – Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.
– Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, „Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena“, Vol. 6, No. 3 (2006), 101-109.

Deutsche Zusammenfassung. – In der griechischen Mythologie gibt es eine Erzählung, die immer wieder als Beschreibung des Falls eines Himmelskörpers gedeutet worden ist: die Geschichte von Phaethon, der mit dem Sonnenwagen seines Vaters Helios eine verhängnisvolle Fahrt unternimmt. Als erstes stellt dieser Aufsatz die Argumente vor, die von antiken Autoren aufgeführt werden, um diesen Mythos als Widerspiegelung eines Naturphänomens zu interpretieren. Anschließend werden in den alten Beschreibungen von Phaethons Sturz enthaltene Details mit heutigen Kenntnissen über Impaktphänomene verglichen. Des weiteren werden die Texte auf Hinweise zu Zeit und Ort des vermuteten Impakts untersucht. Die so erzielten Ergebnisse stützen die Vermutung, dass der Mythos von Phaethon einen konkreten Meteoritenfall widerspiegeln könnte, nämlich den sog. Chiemgau-Impakt. Dieser Impakt, der ein ausgedehntes Kraterstreufeld von etwa 100 Kratern hinterließ, ereignete sich vermutlich während der Keltenzeit. Eine auffällige Überschneidung zwischen der Überlieferung des Phaethon-Mythos und dem bisher in Betracht gezogenen Zeitrahmen für den Chiemgau-Impakt gibt neue Anhaltspunkte, um den Chiemgau Impakt möglicherweise in die Zeit zwischen 600 und 428 v. Chr. zu datieren.

Abstract-Artikel Tagungen

Ernstson, K., Poßekel, J. (2020) Complex Impact Cratering in a Soft Target: Evidence from Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) for Three Structures in the Chiemgau Meteorite Impact Strewn Field, SE Germany (1.3 km-Diameter Eglsee, 250 m-Diameter Riederting, 60 m-Diameter Aiching). – Fall Meeting, AGU, online, 1-17 Dec. Abstract EP036-0005.

F. Bauer, M. Hiltl, M. A. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson (2020): An eight kilogram chunk and more: evidence for a new class of iron silicide meteorites from the Chiemgau impact strewn field (SE Germany). – Modern Problems of Theoretical, Experimental, and Applied Mineralogy (Yushkin Readings – 7-10 December 2020, Syktyvkar, Russia), Proceedings, 359-360.

K. Ernstson, T. G. Shumilova (2020): Chiemite — a high PT carbon impactite from shock coalification/carbonization of impact target vegetation. – Modern Problems of Theoretical, Experimental, and Applied Mineralogy (Yushkin Readings – 7-10 December 2020, Syktyvkar, Russia), Proceedings, 363-365.

B. Rappenglück, M. Hiltl, K. Ernstson (2020): Artifact-in-impactite: a new kind of impact rock. Evidence from the Chiemgau meteorite impact in southeast Germany. – Modern Problems of Theoretical, Experimental, and Applied Mineralogy (Yushkin Readings – 7-10 December 2020, Syktyvkar, Russia), Proceedings, 365-367.

J. Poßekel, K. Ernstson (2020): Not just a rimmed bowl: Ground penetrating radar (GPR) imagery of small caters in the Holocene Chiemgau (Germany) meteorite impact strewnfield. – 11th Planetary Crater Consortium 2020 (LPI Contrib. 2251), Abstract #2014.

K. Ernstson, J. Poßekel (2020): Digital terrain model (DTM) topography of small craters in the Holocene Chiemgau (Germany) meteorite impact strewnfield. – 11th Planetary Crater Consortium 2020 (LPI Contrib. 2251), Abstract #2019.

K. Ernstson, J. Poßekel, M. A. Rappenglück (2020): Near-ground airburst cratering: petrographic and ground penetrating radar (GPR) evidence for a possibly enlarged Chiemgau Impact event (Bavaria, SE-Germany). – 50th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Poster, Abstract #1231., Poster 

J. Poßekel, K. Ernstson (2019): Anatomy of Young Meteorite Craters in a Soft Target (Chiemgau Impact Strewn Field, SE Germany) from Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Measurements. – 50th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1204, LPI Contrib. 2132., Poster

 F. Bauer, M. Hiltl, M.A. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson (2019): Trigonal and Cubic FE2SI Polymorphs (Hapkeite) in the Eight Kilograms Find of Natural Iron Silicide from Grabenstätt (Chiemgau, Southeast Germany). – 50th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Poster, Abstract #1520, LPI Contrib. 2132., Poster

B. Rappenglück, M. Hiltl, K. Ernstson (2019): Metallic Artifact Remnants in a Shock-Metamorphosed Impact Breccia: an Extended View of the Archeological Excavation at Stöttham (Chiemgau, SE-Germany) –  50th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Poster, Abstract #1334, LPI Contrib. 2132., Poster

K. Ernstson, J. Poßekel (2017): Meteorite Impact „Earthquake“ Features (Rock Liquefaction, Surface Wave Deformations, Seismites) from Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and Geoelectric Complex Resistivity/Induced Polarization (IP) Measurements, Chiemgau (Alpine Foreland, Southeast Germany). – 2017 Fall Meeting, AGU, New Orleans, 11-15 Dec. Abstract EP53B-1700, Poster

K. Ernstson (2016): Evidence of a meteorite impact-induced tsunami in lake Chiemsee (Southeast Germany) strengthened. – 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1263.pdf.  Abstract

(Ergänzung zu Yushkin Memorial Seminar 2014:) Poster

Michael A. Rappenglück, Frank Bauer, Kord Ernstson, Michael Hiltl: Meteorite impact on a micrometer scale: iron silicide, carbide and CAI minerals from the Chiemgau impact event (Germany). – Problems and perspectives of modern mineralogy (Yushkin Memorial Seminar–2014) Proceedings of mineralogical seminar with international participation Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russia 19–22 May 2014.. – Abstract

Ernstson, K., Hilt, M., Neumair, A.: Microtektite-Like Glasses from the Northern Calcareous Alps (Southeast Germany): Evidence of a Proximal Impact Ejecta . – 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held 17-21 March, 2014 at The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1777, p.1200. – Abstract

Rappenglück, M.A., Bauer, F. Hiltl, M., Neumair, A., K. Ernstson, K. (2013): Calcium-Aluminium-rich Inclusions (CAIs) in iron silicide matter (Xifengite, Gupeiite, Hapkeite): evidence of a cosmic origin – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5055. – Abstract

Bauer, F. Hiltl, M., Rappenglück, M.A., Neumair, A., K. Ernstson, K. (2013): Fe2Si (Hapkeite) from the subsoil in the alpine foreland (Southeast Germany): is it associated with an impact? – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5056. – Abstract

Neumair, A., Ernstson, K. (2013): Peculiar Holocene soil layers: evidence of possible distal ejecta deposits in the Chiemgau region, Southeast Germany – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract  #5057. – Abstract.

Ernstson, K., Müller, W., Neumair, A. (2013): The proposed Nalbach (Saarland, Germany) impact site: is it a companion to the Chiemgau (Southeast Bavaria, Germany) impact strewn field? – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5058. – Abstract

K. Ernstson, T. G. Shumilova, S. I. Isaenko, A. Neumair, M. A. Rappenglück: From biomass to glassy carbon and carbynes: evidence of possible meteorite impact shock coalification and carbonization. – Modern problems of theoretical, experimental and applied mineralogy (Yushkin Memorial Seminar–2013): Proceedings of mineralogical seminar with international participation. Syktyvkar: IG Komi SC UB RAS, 2013. 546 p. . – Abstract

S. Isaenko, T. Shumilova, K. Ernstson, S. Shevchuk, A. Neumair, and M. Rappenglück: Carbynes and DLC in naturally occurring carbon matter from the Alpine Foreland, South-East Germany: Evidence of a probable new impactite. – European Mineralogical Conference, Vol. 1, EMC2012-217, 2012., European Mineralogical Conference 2012. Abstract

Barbara RAPPENGLÜCK, Kord ERNSTSON, Ioannis LIRITZIS, Werner MAYER, Andreas NEUMAIR, Michael RAPPENGLÜCK and Dirk SUDHAUS: A prehistoric meteorite impact in Southeast Bavaria (Germany): tracing its cultural implications. – 34th International Geological Congress, 5-10 August 2012 – Brisbane, Australien. Abstract

Shumilova, T. G.,  Isaenko S. I.,   Makeev B. A.,   Ernstson K.,   Neumair A.,  Rappenglück M. A.: Enigmatic Poorly Structured Carbon Substances from the Alpine Foreland, Southeast Germany:  Evidence of a Cosmic Relation. 43nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2012), 1430.pdf. Abstract.

Ernstson, K. & Neumair, A. (2011), Geoelectric Complex Resistivity Measurements of Soil Liquefaction Features in Quaternary Sediments of the Alpine Foreland, Germany, Abstract NS23A-1555 presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 5-9 Dec. Abstract

(Ergänzung zu Yushkin Memorial Seminar 2014:) Poster

Artikel in Zeitschriften

B. Rappenglück, M. Hiltl, K. Ernstson (2020c): The Chiemgau Impact: evidence of a Latest Bronze Age/Early Iron Age meteorite impact in the archaeological record, and resulting critical considerations of catastrophism. – 25th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Bern, 4-7 September 2019, Oxford: BAR publishing. (Reviewed and accepted, forthcoming). 

Internetartikel, bei der deutschen Nationalbibliothek archiviert:

Kord Ernstson, Michael Hiltl, Frank Bauer, Andreas Neumair and Michael A. Rappenglück (2010): Short-term coalification: a new impact-related process?
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051630

Andreas Neumair, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Barabara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück and Dirk Sudhaus (2010): Characteristics of a Holocene impact layer in an archeological site in SE-Bavaria, Germany
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051627

Kord Ernstson (2008): Regmaglypten auf Kalksteingeröllen: Hinweis auf Karbonatschmelze im Chiemgau-Impakt
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515131

Till Ernstson (2007): A peculiar prehistoric artifact in the Tüttensee impact ejecta („Bunte Breccia“; Chiemgau Holocene impact event)
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010052198

Kord Ernstson (2006): Neue Belege für den meteoritischen Ursprung des Tüttensees: Ein Impakthorizont in Schürfen bei Mühlbach
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051604

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): The Holocene Tüttensee meteorite impact crater in southeast Germany
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515163

Kord Ernstson (2006): Schock-Effekte (Schockmetamorphose) in Gesteinen aus dem Impakthorizont am Tüttensee (Ejekta, Bunte Breccie)
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515141

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): Der holozäne Tüttensee-Meteoritenkrater in Südostdeutschland
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515121

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2005): Kommentar zu „Der Tüttensee im Chiemgau – Toteiskessel statt Impaktkrater; von Gerhard Doppler und Erwin Geiss (Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt)“
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515150

Kord Ernstson (2005): Gravimetrische Untersuchungen bei Grabenstätt: Anzeichen für einen Impaktursprung des Tüttensee-Kraters (Chiemgau-Impakt) erhärtet
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051611

Uli Schüssler (2005): Petrographie und Geochemie von mechanisch und thermisch geschockten Gero?llen aus dem nördlichen Bereich des Chiemgau-Impaktareals. Petrographic and geochemical analyses of mechanically and thermally shocked cobbles from the northern area of the Chiemgau impact strewnfield
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228993

M. A. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson, W. Mayer, R. Beer, G. Benske, C. Siegl, R. Sporn, T. Bliemetsrieder & U. Schüssler (2004): The Chiemgau impact event in the Celtic Period: evidence of a crater strewnfield and a cometary impactor containing presolar matter.
Adresse der Netzpublikation
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228983

Weitere Internetbeiträge

Ferran Claudin i Botinas: Zur Diskussion um den Tüttensee Link

Uli Schüssler (2005): New analyses – new photomicrographs: xifengite, gupeiite and titanium carbide. Link

Uli Schüssler: Zur Herkunft der Eisensilizide „Xifengit“ und Gupeiit“ Link

Uli Schüssler: Nickel. Der Chiemgau-Gupeiit, der North Haig Ureilit-Meteorit und der NWA 1241 Ureilit-Meteorit. Link

Eine weitere wichtige Publikation zum Chiemgau-Impakt: Schryvers, D. and Raeymakers, B. (2005): EM characterisation of a potential meteorite sample, proceeding of EMC 2004, Vol. II, p. 859-860 (ed. D. Schryvers, J.P. Timmermans, G. Van Tendeloo). Abstract-Artikel und Poster (2 MB) können angeklickt werden!

Beiträge (Vorträge, Poster) des CIRT auf internationalen und nationalen Kongressen

Michael A. Rappenglück & Kord Ernstson: The Chiemgau crater strewn field (Southeast Bavaria, Germany): Evidence of a Holocene large impact event. – International Conference „100 years since Tunguska phenomenon: Past, present and future“. – June 26 – 28, 2008, Moscow (Russia).

Kord Ernstson & Michael A. Rappenglück: The Chiemgau crater strewnfield: Evidence of a Holocene large impact event in Southeast Bavaria, Germany. – International Scientific Conference „100 Years of the Tunguska Event“. – June 30 – July 6, 2008, Krasnoyarsk (Russia).

Barbara Rappenglück & Michael A. Rappenglück (for the Chiemgau Impact Research Team): The fall of Phaethon: Is this a geomyth reflecting an impact in Bavaria during the Celtic period? – 33rd International Geological Congress. Session: Myth and Geology. – August 5 – 14, 2008, Oslo (Norway).

Chiemgau Impact Research Team (CIRT): The Chiemgau Impact: An extraordinary case-study for the question of Holocene impacts and their cultural implications. SEAC (Société Européenne pour l’astronomie dans la culture) meeting (XVIth). – September 8-12, 2008, Granada (Spain).

Barbara and Michael Rappenglück: Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.- International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, 6-10 April, 2006, Rhodes, Greece.“Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena „.

Uli Schüssler, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer & Barbara Rappenglück (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau. – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 124.

Michael A. Rappenglück, Uli Schüssler, Werner Mayer & Kord Ernstson (2005): Sind die Eisensilizide aus dem Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau kosmisch? – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 108

Artikel in Magazinen und populärwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften, TV-Dokumentationen zum Chiemgau-Impakt

Bild der Wissenschaft
PM History
Astronomy Online

Welt der Wunder
Spiegel TV
ZDF Terra X
Faszination Wissen des BR
ARTE Xenius

Vortragseinladungen zum Chiemgau-Impakt

Ernstson, K. (2005): Als der Himmel einstürzte: Der Chiemgau-Impakt in historischer Zeit. – Geowissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Kiel, 30.5.2005.

Rappenglück, M.A. (2005): „Wenn der Himmel auf die Erde fällt … Der Chiemgau-Impakt“. – 4.10. im Karlsgymnasium, Bad Reichenhall, Fachtagung der Oberbayerischen Geographie-Lehrer.

Schüssler, U. (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterfeld im Chiemgau. – 8. Internationale Meteoritenbörse, 7.-8. Mai 2005, Gifhorn.

Ernstson, K. (2006): Vortrag vor dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein Würzburg.

Rappenglück, M. und Ernstson, K. (2008): Berlin (Planetarium).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Altenberg (Bergisches Land; Verein für Landschaft und Geschichte e.V.).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Bad Mergentheim (Astronomische Vereinigung).

Rappenglück, M.A. (2009) Vortrag 19. Februar 2009; Fribourg/Freiburg (Schweiz). Organisation: SOCIETE FRIBOURGEOISE DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, FREIBURGER NATURFORSCHENDE GESELLSCHAFT

Vorträge in der Region

in Traunstein, Kienberg, Grabenstätt, Chieming, Bergen durch W. Mayer, M.A. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück und K. Ernstson