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Kord Ernstson (2010): Der Chiemgau-Impakt. Ein bayerisches Meteoritenkraterfeld. 80 S. (Chiemgau Impakt e.V.).

Abstract-Artikel Tagungen

Michael A. Rappenglück, Frank Bauer, Kord Ernstson, Michael Hiltl: Meteorite impact on a micrometer scale: iron silicide, carbide and CAI minerals from the Chiemgau impact event (Germany). – Problems and perspectives of modern mineralogy (Yushkin Memorial Seminar–2014) Proceedings of mineralogical seminar with international participation Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russia 19–22 May 2014.. – Abstract

Ernstson, K., Hilt, M., Neumair, A.: Microtektite-Like Glasses from the Northern Calcareous Alps (Southeast Germany): Evidence of a Proximal Impact Ejecta . – 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held 17-21 March, 2014 at The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1777, p.1200. – Abstract

Rappenglück, M.A., Bauer, F. Hiltl, M., Neumair, A., K. Ernstson, K. (2013): Calcium-Aluminium-rich Inclusions (CAIs) in iron silicide matter (Xifengite, Gupeiite, Hapkeite): evidence of a cosmic origin – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5055. – Abstract

Bauer, F. Hiltl, M., Rappenglück, M.A., Neumair, A., K. Ernstson, K. (2013): Fe2Si (Hapkeite) from the subsoil in the alpine foreland (Southeast Germany): is it associated with an impact? – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5056. – Abstract

Neumair, A., Ernstson, K. (2013): Peculiar Holocene soil layers: evidence of possible distal ejecta deposits in the Chiemgau region, Southeast Germany – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract  #5057. – Abstract.

Ernstson, K., Müller, W., Neumair, A. (2013): The proposed Nalbach (Saarland, Germany) impact site: is it a companion to the Chiemgau (Southeast Bavaria, Germany) impact strewn field? – 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 48, Issue s1, Abstract #5058. – Abstract

K. Ernstson, T. G. Shumilova, S. I. Isaenko, A. Neumair, M. A. Rappenglück: From biomass to glassy carbon and carbynes: evidence of possible meteorite impact shock coalification and carbonization. – Modern problems of theoretical, experimental and applied mineralogy (Yushkin Memorial Seminar–2013): Proceedings of mineralogical seminar with international participation. Syktyvkar: IG Komi SC UB RAS, 2013. 546 p. . – Abstract

S. Isaenko, T. Shumilova, K. Ernstson, S. Shevchuk, A. Neumair, and M. Rappenglück: Carbynes and DLC in naturally occurring carbon matter from the Alpine Foreland, South-East Germany: Evidence of a probable new impactite. – European Mineralogical Conference, Vol. 1, EMC2012-217, 2012., European Mineralogical Conference 2012. Abstract

Barbara RAPPENGLÜCK, Kord ERNSTSON, Ioannis LIRITZIS, Werner MAYER, Andreas NEUMAIR, Michael RAPPENGLÜCK and Dirk SUDHAUS: A prehistoric meteorite impact in Southeast Bavaria (Germany): tracing its cultural implications. – 34th International Geological Congress, 5-10 August 2012 – Brisbane, Australien. Abstract

Shumilova, T. G.,  Isaenko S. I.,   Makeev B. A.,   Ernstson K.,   Neumair A.,  Rappenglück M. A.: Enigmatic Poorly Structured Carbon Substances from the Alpine Foreland, Southeast Germany:  Evidence of a Cosmic Relation. 43nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2012), 1430.pdf. Abstract.

Ernstson, K. & Neumair, A. (2011), Geoelectric Complex Resistivity Measurements of Soil Liquefaction Features in Quaternary Sediments of the Alpine Foreland, Germany, Abstract NS23A-1555 presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 5-9 Dec. Abstract

Neumair, A. & Ernstson, K. (2011), Geomagnetic and morphological signature of small crateriform structures in the Alpine Foreland, Southeast Germany, Abstract GP11A-1023 presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 5-9 Dec. Abstract

M. Hiltl, F. Bauer, K. Ernstson, W. Mayer, A. Neumair, and M.A. Rappenglück (2011): SEM and TEM analyses of minerals xifengite, gupeiite, Fe2Si (hapkeite?), titanium carbide (TiC) and cubic moissanite (SiC) from the subsoil in the Alpine Foreland: Are they cosmochemical? – 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011), 1391.pdf Abstract

Artikel in Zeitschriften

K. Ernstson, C. Sideris, I. Liritzis, A. Neumair (2012): THE CHIEMGAU METEORITE IMPACT SIGNATURE OF THE STÖTTHAM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE (SOUTHEAST GERMANY). – Mediterranean Archaeology ans Archäometry, 12, 249-259.

Abstract. – Archaeological excavation at Chieming-Stöttham in the Chiemgau region of Southeast Germany revealed a diamictic (breccia) layer sandwiched between a Neolithic and a Roman occupation layer. This exotic layer bears evidence of its deposition in a catastrophic event that is attributed to the Chiemgau meteorite impact. In the extended crater strewn field produced by the impact, geological excavations have uncovered comparable horizons with an anomalous geological inventory intermixed with archaeological material. Evidences of extreme destruction, temperatures and pressures including impact shock effects suggest that the current views on its being an undisturbed colluvial depositional sequence as postulated by archaeologists and pedologists/geomorphologists is untenable.

Barbara Rappenglück (2013): Myths and Motifs as Reflections of Prehistoric Cosmic Events: Some Methodological Considerations. – ANTHROPOLOGICAL NOTEBOOKS, 19 (SUPPLEMENT), 67-83.

Abstract: The last three decades have seen a growing awareness that the planet Earth and human civilizations might be much more threatened by extraterrestrial objects than previously thought: It has been suggested on many occasions that the course of human prehistory has been remarkably shaped by big meteorite impacts, airbursts of meteoroids, or the load of the atmosphere with cosmic dust. Myths and motifs are interpreted to encode information of such events. This article brings to the fore a series of essential methodological steps which may strengthen such interpretations.

Ernstson, K., Mayer W., Neumair, A., and Sudhaus, D. (2011): The sinkhole enigma in the alpine foreland, Southeast Germany: Evidence of impact-induced rock liquefaction processes. – Cent. Eur. J. Geosci., 3(4), 385-397.  DOI: 10.2478/s13533-011-0038-yI. Abstract

Liritzis, N. Zacharias, G.S. Polymeris, G. Kitis, K. Ernstson, D. Sudhaus, A. Neumair, W. Mayer, M.A. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück (2010): THE CHIEMGAU METEORITE IMPACT AND TSUNAMI EVENT (SOUTHEAST GERMANY): FIRST OSL DATING. – Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 17‐33. Vollständiger Artikel

Barbara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Andreas Neumair, Dirk Sudhaus & Ioannis Liritzis (2010): The fall of Phaethon: a Greco-Roman geomyth preserves the memory of a meteorite impact in Bavaria (south-east Germany). – Antiquity, 84, 428-439.

Abstract. – Arguing from a critical reading of the text, and scientific evidence on the ground, the authors show that the myth of Phaethon – the delinquent celestial charioteer – remembers the impact of a massive meteorite that hit the Chiemgau region in Bavaria between 2000 and 428 BC.

Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A., Rappenglück, B., Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D. and Zeller, K.W. (2010): The Chiemgau crater strewn field: evidence of a Holocene large impact in southeast Bavaria, Germany. – Journal of Siberian Federal University, Engineering & Technology, 1 (2010 3) 72-103.

Abstract. – The Chiemgau strewn field in the Alpine Foreland discovered in the early new millenniumcomprises more than 80 mostly rimmed craters in a roughly elliptically shaped area with axes of about 60 km and 30 km. The crater diameters range between a few meters and a few hundred meters. Geologically, the craters occur in Pleistocene moraine and fluvio-glacial sediments. The craters and surrounding areas so far investigated in more detail are featuring heavy deformations of the Quaternary cobbles and boulders, abundant fused rock material (impact melt rocks and various glasses), shock-metamorphic effects, and geophysical anomalies. The impact is substantiated by the abundant occurrence of metallic, glass and carbon spherules, accretionary lapilli, and of strange matter in the form of iron silicides like gupeiite and xifengite, and various carbides like, e.g., moissanite SiC. The hitherto established largest crater of the strewn field is Lake Tüttensee exhibiting an 8 m-height rim wall, a rim-to-rim diameter of about 500 m, a depth of roughly 30 m and an extensive ejecta blanket. Physical and archeological dating confine the impact event to have happened most probably between 700 and 300 B.C. The impactor is suggested to have been a lowdensity disintegrated, loosely bound asteroid or a disintegrated comet in order to account for the extensive strewn field. Vollständiger Artikel

Rappenglück, B., Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A. Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D., and Zeller, K.W.: The Chiemgau impact: An extraordinary case study for the question of Holocene meteorite impacts and their cultural implications. – In: Belmonte, J. A. (ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 16th 2008 “Cosmology across Cultures. Impact of the Study of the Universe in Human Thinking”, Granada September 8-12, 2008, A.S.P. Conf. Ser., 2009.

Abstract. – Did in the Holocene meteorite impacts of a size capable to affect human cultures happen at all and – if the answer is “yes” – which cultural implications did they have? Since a few years this question is fiercely and controversially discussed. The Chiemgau meteorite impact event may provide an important contribution to the discussion. This event stroke south-east Germany very probably in the 1st millenium BC and left a field of about 80 craters. In comparison to other Holocene impacts it provides extraordinary data by the extension of its crater field, the size of the biggest crater, the variety of secondary effects, the direct embedding of the impact layer in an archaeological stratigraphy, and the comparably good dating. The recently known data are introduced and discussed with regard to the question of cultural effects of Holocene impacts.

Barbara and Michael Rappenglück (2006): Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? – Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.
– Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, „Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena“, Vol. 6, No. 3 (2006), 101-109.

Deutsche Zusammenfassung. – In der griechischen Mythologie gibt es eine Erzählung, die immer wieder als Beschreibung des Falls eines Himmelskörpers gedeutet worden ist: die Geschichte von Phaethon, der mit dem Sonnenwagen seines Vaters Helios eine verhängnisvolle Fahrt unternimmt. Als erstes stellt dieser Aufsatz die Argumente vor, die von antiken Autoren aufgeführt werden, um diesen Mythos als Widerspiegelung eines Naturphänomens zu interpretieren. Anschließend werden in den alten Beschreibungen von Phaethons Sturz enthaltene Details mit heutigen Kenntnissen über Impaktphänomene verglichen. Des weiteren werden die Texte auf Hinweise zu Zeit und Ort des vermuteten Impakts untersucht. Die so erzielten Ergebnisse stützen die Vermutung, dass der Mythos von Phaethon einen konkreten Meteoritenfall widerspiegeln könnte, nämlich den sog. Chiemgau-Impakt. Dieser Impakt, der ein ausgedehntes Kraterstreufeld von etwa 100 Kratern hinterließ, ereignete sich vermutlich während der Keltenzeit. Eine auffällige Überschneidung zwischen der Überlieferung des Phaethon-Mythos und dem bisher in Betracht gezogenen Zeitrahmen für den Chiemgau-Impakt gibt neue Anhaltspunkte, um den Chiemgau Impakt möglicherweise in die Zeit zwischen 600 und 428 v. Chr. zu datieren.

Internetartikel, bei der deutschen Nationalbibliothek archiviert:

Kord Ernstson, Michael Hiltl, Frank Bauer, Andreas Neumair and Michael A. Rappenglück (2010): Short-term coalification: a new impact-related process?
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051630

Andreas Neumair, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Barabara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück and Dirk Sudhaus (2010): Characteristics of a Holocene impact layer in an archeological site in SE-Bavaria, Germany
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051627

Kord Ernstson (2008): Regmaglypten auf Kalksteingeröllen: Hinweis auf Karbonatschmelze im Chiemgau-Impakt
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515131

Till Ernstson (2007): A peculiar prehistoric artifact in the Tüttensee impact ejecta („Bunte Breccia“; Chiemgau Holocene impact event)
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010052198

Kord Ernstson (2006): Neue Belege für den meteoritischen Ursprung des Tüttensees: Ein Impakthorizont in Schürfen bei Mühlbach
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051604

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): The Holocene Tüttensee meteorite impact crater in southeast Germany
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515163

Kord Ernstson (2006): Schock-Effekte (Schockmetamorphose) in Gesteinen aus dem Impakthorizont am Tüttensee (Ejekta, Bunte Breccie)
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515141

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): Der holozäne Tüttensee-Meteoritenkrater in Südostdeutschland
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515121

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2005): Kommentar zu „Der Tüttensee im Chiemgau – Toteiskessel statt Impaktkrater; von Gerhard Doppler und Erwin Geiss (Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt)“
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515150

Kord Ernstson (2005): Gravimetrische Untersuchungen bei Grabenstätt: Anzeichen für einen Impaktursprung des Tüttensee-Kraters (Chiemgau-Impakt) erhärtet
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051611

Uli Schüssler (2005): Petrographie und Geochemie von mechanisch und thermisch geschockten Gero?llen aus dem nördlichen Bereich des Chiemgau-Impaktareals. Petrographic and geochemical analyses of mechanically and thermally shocked cobbles from the northern area of the Chiemgau impact strewnfield
Adresse der Netzpublikation:
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228993

M. A. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson, W. Mayer, R. Beer, G. Benske, C. Siegl, R. Sporn, T. Bliemetsrieder & U. Schüssler (2004): The Chiemgau impact event in the Celtic Period: evidence of a crater strewnfield and a cometary impactor containing presolar matter.
Adresse der Netzpublikation
URN-Identifikation: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228983

Weitere Internetbeiträge

Ferran Claudin i Botinas: Zur Diskussion um den Tüttensee Link

Uli Schüssler (2005): New analyses – new photomicrographs: xifengite, gupeiite and titanium carbide. Link

Uli Schüssler: Zur Herkunft der Eisensilizide „Xifengit“ und Gupeiit“ Link

Uli Schüssler: Nickel. Der Chiemgau-Gupeiit, der North Haig Ureilit-Meteorit und der NWA 1241 Ureilit-Meteorit. Link

Eine weitere wichtige Publikation zum Chiemgau-Impakt: Schryvers, D. and Raeymakers, B. (2005): EM characterisation of a potential meteorite sample, proceeding of EMC 2004, Vol. II, p. 859-860 (ed. D. Schryvers, J.P. Timmermans, G. Van Tendeloo). Abstract-Artikel und Poster (2 MB) können angeklickt werden!

Beiträge (Vorträge, Poster) des CIRT auf internationalen und nationalen Kongressen

Michael A. Rappenglück & Kord Ernstson: The Chiemgau crater strewn field (Southeast Bavaria, Germany): Evidence of a Holocene large impact event. – International Conference „100 years since Tunguska phenomenon: Past, present and future“. – June 26 – 28, 2008, Moscow (Russia).

Kord Ernstson & Michael A. Rappenglück: The Chiemgau crater strewnfield: Evidence of a Holocene large impact event in Southeast Bavaria, Germany. – International Scientific Conference „100 Years of the Tunguska Event“. – June 30 – July 6, 2008, Krasnoyarsk (Russia).

Barbara Rappenglück & Michael A. Rappenglück (for the Chiemgau Impact Research Team): The fall of Phaethon: Is this a geomyth reflecting an impact in Bavaria during the Celtic period? – 33rd International Geological Congress. Session: Myth and Geology. – August 5 – 14, 2008, Oslo (Norway).

Chiemgau Impact Research Team (CIRT): The Chiemgau Impact: An extraordinary case-study for the question of Holocene impacts and their cultural implications. SEAC (Société Européenne pour l’astronomie dans la culture) meeting (XVIth). – September 8-12, 2008, Granada (Spain).

Barbara and Michael Rappenglück: Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.- International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, 6-10 April, 2006, Rhodes, Greece.“Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena „.

Uli Schüssler, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer & Barbara Rappenglück (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau. – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 124.

Michael A. Rappenglück, Uli Schüssler, Werner Mayer & Kord Ernstson (2005): Sind die Eisensilizide aus dem Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau kosmisch? – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 108

Artikel in Magazinen und populärwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften, TV-Dokumentationen zum Chiemgau-Impakt

Bild der Wissenschaft
PM History
Astronomy Online

Welt der Wunder
Spiegel TV
ZDF Terra X
Faszination Wissen des BR
ARTE Xenius

Vortragseinladungen zum Chiemgau-Impakt

Ernstson, K. (2005): Als der Himmel einstürzte: Der Chiemgau-Impakt in historischer Zeit. – Geowissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Kiel, 30.5.2005.

Rappenglück, M.A. (2005): „Wenn der Himmel auf die Erde fällt … Der Chiemgau-Impakt“. – 4.10. im Karlsgymnasium, Bad Reichenhall, Fachtagung der Oberbayerischen Geographie-Lehrer.

Schüssler, U. (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterfeld im Chiemgau. – 8. Internationale Meteoritenbörse, 7.-8. Mai 2005, Gifhorn.

Ernstson, K. (2006): Vortrag vor dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein Würzburg.

Rappenglück, M. und Ernstson, K. (2008): Berlin (Planetarium).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Altenberg (Bergisches Land; Verein für Landschaft und Geschichte e.V.).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Bad Mergentheim (Astronomische Vereinigung).

Rappenglück, M.A. (2009) Vortrag 19. Februar 2009; Fribourg/Freiburg (Schweiz). Organisation: SOCIETE FRIBOURGEOISE DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, FREIBURGER NATURFORSCHENDE GESELLSCHAFT

Vorträge in der Region

in Traunstein, Kienberg, Grabenstätt, Chieming, Bergen durch W. Mayer, M.A. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück und K. Ernstson